Accountable Care Organizations and Population Health Organizations.

TitleAccountable Care Organizations and Population Health Organizations.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsCasalino LP, Erb N, Joshi MS, Shortell SM
JournalJ Health Polit Policy Law
Date Published2015 Aug
KeywordsAccountable Care Organizations, Community Health Services, Health Promotion, Hospital Administration, Humans, Organizational Objectives, Public Health, Social Determinants of Health, United States

Accountable care organizations (ACOs) and hospitals are investing in improving "population health," by which they nearly always mean the health of the "population" of patients "attributed" by Medicare, Medicaid, or private health insurers to their organizations. But population health can and should also mean "the health of the entire population in a geographic area." We present arguments for and against ACOs and hospitals investing in affecting the socioeconomic determinants of health to improve the health of the population in their geographic area, and we provide examples of ACOs and hospitals that are doing so in a limited way. These examples suggest that ACOs and hospitals can work with other organizations in their community to improve population health. We briefly present recent proposals for such coalitions and for how they could be financed to be sustainable.

Alternate JournalJ Health Polit Policy Law
PubMed ID26124305
Faculty Publication