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Bortezomib and Immune Globulin Have Limited Effects on Donor-Specific HLA Antibodies in Haploidentical Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation: Detrimental Effect of Persistent Haploidentical Donor-Specific HLA Antibodies.

TitleBortezomib and Immune Globulin Have Limited Effects on Donor-Specific HLA Antibodies in Haploidentical Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation: Detrimental Effect of Persistent Haploidentical Donor-Specific HLA Antibodies.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsChoe H, Gergis U, Hsu J, Phillips A, Shore T, Christos P, van Besien K, Mayer S
JournalBiol Blood Marrow Transplant
Volume25
Issue2
Paginatione60-e64
Date Published2019 02
ISSN1523-6536
Abstract

Donor-specific HLA antibodies (DSAs) have been associated with an increased risk of graft failure. To decrease DSA levels and reduce the risk of graft failure in haploidentical cord blood transplantation recipients, we studied the effect of bortezomib (BTZ) and i.v. immune globulin (IVIG) pretransplantation. Between 2012 and 2016, 14 patients with a DSA level >2000 mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) to 1 or more mismatched HLA alleles of haploidentical donors, cord blood donors, or both were treated with BTZ and IVIG. Fourteen patients received a median of 4 doses (range, 2 to 8 doses) of BTZ 1.3 mg/m and a median total IVIG of 2 g/kg before transplantation. Only 2 of 14 patients attained a reduction in MFI to <2000 with this combination. After additional IVIG (n = 8), rituximab (n = 4), and/or plasmapheresis (n = 11), 12 of 14 patients were desensitized to a DSA level <2000 MFI at the time of engraftment. All obtained initial hematopoietic reconstitution, and no DSA rebound phenomenon was observed. Responders with DSA MFI <2000 to the haploidentical donor by transplantation engrafted at a rate comparable to that of historical controls, whereas engraftment in nonresponders took 3 times as long. BTZ and IVIG alone do not appear sufficient to rapidly induce DSA desensitization, and persistent DSAs to a haploidentical donor lead to delayed count recovery. Our data suggest that additional pretreatment with BTZ and IVIG in combination with the conditioning regimen may help abrogate the rebound phenomenon observed with plasmapheresis.

DOI10.1016/j.bbmt.2018.10.018
Alternate JournalBiol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
PubMed ID30661542
Grant ListUL1 TR002384 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States
Division: 
Biostatistics
Category: 
Faculty Publication