Community Deprivation Index and Discharge Destination after Elective Hip Replacement.

TitleCommunity Deprivation Index and Discharge Destination after Elective Hip Replacement.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsMehta B, Goodman S, Ho K, Parks M, Ibrahim SA
JournalArthritis Care Res (Hoboken)
Date Published2020 Jan 21

OBJECTIVE: To examine how the deprivation level of the community in which one lives influences discharge disposition and the odds of 90-day readmission after elective THA.

METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study on 84,931 patients who underwent elective THA in the Pennsylvania Health Care Cost Containment Council database from 2012 to 2016. We used adjusted binary logistic regression models to test the association between community ADI and patient discharge destination as well as 90-day readmission. We included an interaction term for community ADI and patient race in our models to assess the simultaneous effect of both on the outcomes.

RESULTS: After adjusting for patient and facility level characteristics, patients from high ADI (most disadvantaged) communities, compared to patients from low ADI (least disadvantaged) communities, were more likely to be discharged to an institution as opposed to home for post-op care and rehab (age <65: aOR = 1.47; age ≥65; aOR = 1.31; both p<0.001). The interaction effect of patient race and ADI on discharge destination was statistically significant in those ≥ 65 years of age, but not in patients < 65 years. The association of ADI on 90-day readmission was not statistically significant.

CONCLUSIONS: In this statewide sample of patients who underwent elective THA, the level of deprivation of the community in which patients reside influences their discharge disposition, but not their odds of 90-day readmission to an acute care facility.

Alternate JournalArthritis Care Res (Hoboken)
PubMed ID31961488
Healthcare Delivery Science & Innovation
Faculty Publication