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Deep learning in mental health outcome research: a scoping review.

TitleDeep learning in mental health outcome research: a scoping review.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsSu C, Xu Z, Pathak J, Wang F
JournalTransl Psychiatry
Volume10
Issue1
Pagination116
Date Published2020 Apr 22
ISSN2158-3188
Abstract

Mental illnesses, such as depression, are highly prevalent and have been shown to impact an individual's physical health. Recently, artificial intelligence (AI) methods have been introduced to assist mental health providers, including psychiatrists and psychologists, for decision-making based on patients' historical data (e.g., medical records, behavioral data, social media usage, etc.). Deep learning (DL), as one of the most recent generation of AI technologies, has demonstrated superior performance in many real-world applications ranging from computer vision to healthcare. The goal of this study is to review existing research on applications of DL algorithms in mental health outcome research. Specifically, we first briefly overview the state-of-the-art DL techniques. Then we review the literature relevant to DL applications in mental health outcomes. According to the application scenarios, we categorize these relevant articles into four groups: diagnosis and prognosis based on clinical data, analysis of genetics and genomics data for understanding mental health conditions, vocal and visual expression data analysis for disease detection, and estimation of risk of mental illness using social media data. Finally, we discuss challenges in using DL algorithms to improve our understanding of mental health conditions and suggest several promising directions for their applications in improving mental health diagnosis and treatment.

DOI10.1038/s41398-020-0780-3
Alternate JournalTransl Psychiatry
PubMed ID32532967
PubMed Central IDPMC7293215
Grant ListR01 MH112148 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
P50 MH113838 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
R01 MH105384 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
R01 MH121922 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
R01 MH119177 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
Division: 
Health Informatics
Category: 
Faculty Publication