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Determinants of In-Hospital Mortality After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Machine Learning Approach.

TitleDeterminants of In-Hospital Mortality After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Machine Learning Approach.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsAl'Aref SJ, Singh G, van Rosendael AR, Kolli KK, Ma X, Maliakal G, Pandey M, Lee BC, Wang J, Xu Z, Zhang Y, Min JK, S Wong C, Minutello RM
JournalJ Am Heart Assoc
Volume8
Issue5
Paginatione011160
Date Published2019 Mar 05
ISSN2047-9980
Abstract

Background The ability to accurately predict the occurrence of in-hospital death after percutaneous coronary intervention is important for clinical decision-making. We sought to utilize the New York Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Reporting System in order to elucidate the determinants of in-hospital mortality in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention across New York State. Methods and Results We examined 479 804 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention between 2004 and 2012, utilizing traditional and advanced machine learning algorithms to determine the most significant predictors of in-hospital mortality. The entire data were randomly split into a training (80%) and a testing set (20%). Tuned hyperparameters were used to generate a trained model while the performance of the model was independently evaluated on the testing set after plotting a receiver-operator characteristic curve and using the output measure of the area under the curve ( AUC ) and the associated 95% CIs. Mean age was 65.2±11.9 years and 68.5% were women. There were 2549 in-hospital deaths within the patient population. A boosted ensemble algorithm (AdaBoost) had optimal discrimination with AUC of 0.927 (95% CI 0.923-0.929) compared with AUC of 0.913 for XGB oost (95% CI 0.906-0.919, P=0.02), AUC of 0.892 for Random Forest (95% CI 0.889-0.896, P<0.01), and AUC of 0.908 for logistic regression (95% CI 0.907-0.910, P<0.01). The 2 most significant predictors were age and ejection fraction. Conclusions A big data approach that utilizes advanced machine learning algorithms identifies new associations among risk factors and provides high accuracy for the prediction of in-hospital mortality in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

DOI10.1161/JAHA.118.011160
Alternate JournalJ Am Heart Assoc
PubMed ID30834806
PubMed Central IDPMC6474922
Division: 
Health Informatics
Category: 
Faculty Publication