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Do Children with Special Health Care Needs with Anxiety have Unmet Health Care Needs? An Analysis of a National Survey.

TitleDo Children with Special Health Care Needs with Anxiety have Unmet Health Care Needs? An Analysis of a National Survey.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsGreen C, Jung H-Y, Wu X, Abramson E, Walkup JT, Ford JS, Grinspan ZM
JournalMatern Child Health J
Date Published2019 Sep

OBJECTIVE: To describe differences in health care needs between Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN) with and without anxiety and examine the association between anxiety and unmet health care needs.

METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2009/2010 national survey of CSHCN. The independent variable was anxiety. The main outcomes were health care needs and unmet needs. Covariates included demographics, other co-morbid conditions, and the presence and quality of a medical home. We used bivariate analyses and multivariable logistic regression to assess the relationships among anxiety, covariates, and the outcomes. We stratified our analysis by age (6-11 years, 12-17 years). Propensity score matched paired analysis was used as a sensitivity analysis.

RESULTS: Our final sample included 14,713 6-11 year-olds and 15,842 12-17-year-olds. Anxiety was present in 16% of 6-11 year-olds and 23% or 12-17 year-olds. In bivariate analyses, CSHCN with anxiety had increased health care needs and unmet needs, compared to CSHCN without anxiety. In multivariable analyses, only children 12-17 years old with anxiety had increased odds of having an unmet health care need compared to those children without anxiety (OR 1.44 [95% CI 1.17-1.78]). This was confirmed in the propensity score matching analysis (OR 1.12, [95% CI 1.02-1.22]). The specific unmet needs for older CSHCN with anxiety were mental health care (OR 1.54 [95% CI 1.09-2.17]) and well child checkups (OR 2.01 [95% CI 1.18-3.44]).

CONCLUSION: Better integration of the care for mental and physical health is needed to ensure CSHCN with anxiety have all of their health care needs met.

Alternate JournalMatern Child Health J
PubMed ID31292839
Grant ListUL1-TR000457-06 / / Institute for Clinical and Translational Science Center at Weill Cornell Medical Center /
Health Policy & Economics
Faculty Publication