Seven-Year Outcomes After Hysteroscopic and Laparoscopic Sterilizations.

TitleSeven-Year Outcomes After Hysteroscopic and Laparoscopic Sterilizations.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsMao J, Guiahi M, Chudnoff S, Schlegel P, Pfeifer S, Sedrakyan A
JournalObstet Gynecol
Date Published2019 Feb

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate 7-year outcomes after hysteroscopic and laparoscopic sterilizations, including subsequent tubal interventions and hysterectomies.

METHODS: This observational cohort study included women undergoing hysteroscopic and laparoscopic sterilizations in outpatient and ambulatory surgical settings in New York State during 2005-2016. We examined subsequent procedures (tubal ligation or resection, and hysterectomy not related to uterine leiomyomas or gynecologic tumors) after the index procedures. After propensity score matching, we used Kaplan-Meier analysis to obtain estimated risks of subsequent procedures within 7 years of index sterilization procedures, and Cox proportional hazard models to compare the differences between groups.

RESULTS: We identified 10,143 and 53,206 women who underwent interval hysteroscopic and laparoscopic sterilizations, respectively, in New York State during 2005-2016. The mean age of the cohort was 34.2 years (range 18-80). The propensity score-matched cohort consisted of 10,109 pairs of women. The estimated risk of undergoing an additional tubal ligation or resection within 7 years was higher after hysteroscopic sterilization than it was after laparoscopic sterilization (3.9% vs 1.6%, HR 2.89, 95% CI 2.33-3.57). The difference was most pronounced within the initial year after attempted sterilization (1.5% vs 0.2%; HR 6.39, 95% CI 4.16-9.80). There was no significant difference in the risk of receiving a hysterectomy (0.9% vs 1.2%; HR 0.73, 95% CI 0.53-1.00) between women who underwent hysteroscopic and laparoscopic sterilizations.

CONCLUSION: Patients undergoing hysteroscopic sterilization have a higher risk of receiving an additional tubal resection or ligation than those undergoing laparoscopic sterilization, particularly within the first year of the index procedure. There is no difference in undergoing a subsequent hysterectomy between the two groups. With limited evidence of outcomes after hysteroscopic sterilization beyond 7 years and existing reports of removals years after initial implantations, continuous monitoring of long-term outcomes for women who received the device is warranted.

Alternate JournalObstet Gynecol
PubMed ID30633141
Grant ListU01 FD005478 / FD / FDA HHS / United States
Comparative Effectiveness & Outcomes Research
Faculty Publication