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State Policies for Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs and Adverse Opioid-related Hospital Events.

TitleState Policies for Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs and Adverse Opioid-related Hospital Events.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsWen K, Johnson P, Jeng PJ, Schackman BR, Bao Y
JournalMed Care
Date Published2020 Mar 19
ISSN1537-1948
Abstract

BACKGROUND: State policies to optimize prescriber use of Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMPs) have proliferated in recent years. Prominent policies include comprehensive mandates for prescriber use of PDMP, laws allowing delegation of PDMP access to office staff, and interstate PDMP data sharing. Evidence is limited regarding the effects of these policies on adverse opioid-related hospital events.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the effects of 3 PDMP policies on adverse opioid-related hospital events among patients with prescription opioid use.

RESEARCH DESIGN: We examined 2011-2015 data from a large national commercial insurance database of privately insured and Medicare Advantage patients from 28 states with fully operating PDMPs by the end of 2010. We used a difference-in-differences framework to assess the probabilities of opioid-related hospital events and association with the implementation of PDMP policies. The analysis was conducted for adult patients with any prescription opioid use, a subsample of patients with long-term prescription opioid use, and stratified by older (65+) versus younger patients.

RESULTS: Comprehensive use mandates were associated with a relative reduction in the probability of opioid-related hospital events by 28% among patients with any opioid and 21% among patients with long-term opioid use. Such reduction was greater (in relative terms) among older patients despite the lower rate of these events among older than younger patients. Delegate laws and interstate data sharing were associated with limited change in the outcome.

CONCLUSION: Comprehensive PDMP use mandates were associated with meaningful reductions in opioid-related hospital events among privately insured and Medicare Advantage adults with prescription opioid use.

DOI10.1097/MLR.0000000000001322
Alternate JournalMed Care
PubMed ID32205789
Division: 
Comparative Effectiveness & Outcomes Research
Category: 
Faculty Publication