|Title||High-dose bendamustine and melphalan conditioning for autologous stem cell transplantation for patients with multiple myeloma.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Gomez-Arteaga A, Mark TM, Guarneri D, Christos PJ, Gergis U, Greenberg JD, Hsu J, Mayer SA, Niesvizky R, Pearse RN, Phillips AA, Rossi A, Coleman M, van Besien K, Shore TB|
|Journal||Bone Marrow Transplant|
|Date Published||2019 Jun 12|
High-dose melphalan (MEL200) followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) remains a standard of care for multiple myeloma (MM). Bendamustine induces responses in MM resistant to other alkylators. Our prior Phase I trial adding bendamustine to MEL200 transplant conditioning resulted in no additional toxicity. We now report a single-arm, phase II study that evaluated the efficacy of bendamustine 225 mg/m with MEL200 conditioning for ASCT in 18 patients with newly diagnosed MM (NDMM) and 17 with relapsed or refractory MM (RRMM). The primary end point was the complete response (CR/sCR) rate at day+ 100. Sample size was determined according to Simon's two-stage design. At stage 1, sixteen patients entered the study. As there were eight patients with CR/sCR, enrollment increased to 28 patients. Sixteen out of the first 28 evaluable patients achieved CR/sCR, meeting the design criteria. Enrollment was then expanded to a total of 35 patients. 51% achieved a CR/sCR. After a median follow-up of 65 months, 21 patients progressed, including 7 deaths. The median PFS for NDMM and RRMM was 48 and 45 months, respectively. Bendamustine/MEL200 conditioning resulted in excellent overall and depth of response as well as PFS, particularly in the RRMM patients, and is worthy of further investigation (NCT00916058).
|Alternate Journal||Bone Marrow Transplant.|