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System-level planning, coordination, and communication: care of the critically ill and injured during pandemics and disasters: CHEST consensus statement.

TitleSystem-level planning, coordination, and communication: care of the critically ill and injured during pandemics and disasters: CHEST consensus statement.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsDichter JR, Kanter RK, Dries D, Luyckx V, Lim ML, Wilgis J, Anderson MR, Sarani B, Hupert N, Mutter R, Devereaux AV, Christian MD, Kissoon N
Corporate AuthorsTask Force for Mass Critical Care, Task Force for Mass Critical Care
JournalChest
Volume146
Issue4 Suppl
Paginatione87S-e102S
Date Published2014 Oct
ISSN1931-3543
KeywordsConsensus, Critical Care, Critical Illness, Disasters, Emergency Medical Services, Health Planning Organizations, Humans, Pandemics, Wounds and Injuries
Abstract

BACKGROUND: System-level planning involves uniting hospitals and health systems, local/regional government agencies, emergency medical services, and other health-care entities involved in coordinating and enabling care in a major disaster. We reviewed the literature and sought expert opinions concerning system-level planning and engagement for mass critical care due to disasters or pandemics and offer suggestions for system-planning, coordination, communication, and response. The suggestions in this chapter are important for all of those involved in a pandemic or disaster with multiple critically ill or injured patients, including front-line clinicians, hospital administrators, and public health or government officials.

METHODS: The American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) consensus statement development process was followed in developing suggestions. Task Force members met in person to develop nine key questions believed to be most relevant for system-planning, coordination, and communication. A systematic literature review was then performed for relevant articles and documents, reports, and other publications reported since 1993. No studies of sufficient quality were identified upon which to make evidence-based recommendations. Therefore, the panel developed expert opinion-based suggestions using a modified Delphi process.

RESULTS: Suggestions were developed and grouped according to the following thematic elements: (1) national government support of health-care coalitions/regional health authorities (HC/RHAs), (2) teamwork within HC/RHAs, (3) system-level communication, (4) system-level surge capacity and capability, (5) pediatric patients and special populations, (6) HC/RHAs and networks, (7) models of advanced regional care systems, and (8) the use of simulation for preparedness and planning.

CONCLUSIONS: System-level planning is essential to provide care for large numbers of critically ill patients because of disaster or pandemic. It also entails a departure from the routine, independent system and involves all levels from health-care institutions to regional health authorities. National government support is critical, as are robust communication systems and advanced planning supported by realistic exercises.

DOI10.1378/chest.14-0738
Alternate JournalChest
PubMed ID25144713
PubMed Central IDPMC4504248
Grant ListU90 TP000591 / TP / OPHPR CDC HHS / United States
1-HFPEP070013-01-00 / / PHS HHS / United States
1U90TP00591-01 / TP / OPHPR CDC HHS / United States
Category: 
Faculty Publication